The Museum of the City of Zagreb was founded by the Brothers of the Croatian Dragon in 1907.
In the ninetieth year of its existence, in 1997, the Museum opened only the sixth permanent exhibition, and for the first time in a renovated and appropriate space, appropriate to the achievements of modern museological technology. It shows the past of the city of Zagreb from prehistory - traces that have just been excavated just below its building - to the present day.
The permanent exhibition is based on the objects that the Museum owns. Connecting objects with their former time frame, we emphasized our modern approach in creating and visualizing social events in the city. By combining chronological and thematic approaches and applying modern museographic and technological principles, we have made the Museum accessible to today's visitors.
The permanent exhibition portrays the city in all its aspects, from the political, ecclesiastical, historical and economic to the architectural-urban, cultural-historical, entertainment and everyday.
The variety of themes and objects, from rare to ordinary, everyday, useful, from artistic to popular, gives a special charm to the Museum, which in a certain thematic sequence introduces visitors to interesting facts from the rich life of Zagreb and its changing urban landscape.
In addition to conservation and restoration, the museological program also envisages systematic archaeological research (1991-1995). We took advantage of the architectural layering of the building and drew attention to it with specially shaped gray legends. Also, archaeological research has brought to light new data on life on Gričko brdo, and therefore the permanent exhibition begins with the interpretation of archaeological findings presented at the site of discovery.
We show a prehistoric settlement built in VII. century BC Kr. that is, at the beginning of the Hallstatt culture, the Early Iron Age, and a house-workshop from the period of the La Tène culture, the Late Iron Age. The archeological map enables the visitor to get acquainted with the most important sites and finds in the city and its region.
The exhibition further emphasizes the specificity of the development of the medieval double town, the separation of life and administration of the church Kaptol and the free royal Gradec, but also their intertwining.
In forty-five themes, an image of the city was created in which, in a historically documented way, characteristic themes and events are arranged that create an image of the city and its cultural and historical development.
Each period is illustrated with characteristic objects that clearly represent Zagreb:
- from the legend about the origin of the name Zagreb, which we illustrate
the crown of the well from the source Zagreb,
- to life in medieval Gradec and different
- through an ideally reconstructed figural portal of the old
Zagreb Cathedral, which is a symbol of the church city,
- to the church of Sv. A brand that speaks of the rich Baroque
they please its former interior and connection
with the guild life of the craftsman Gradec.
Guild insignia (flags, chests, plates, children 's insignia)
sheets and documents) characterize the life of Gradec, but also
Chapter of the XVII. - XIX. century.
On the first floor we talk about the Poor Clares and their convent. On a model showing the condition of the sex. XVII. century, the entire architectural and urban complex is shown: the monastery of the Poor Clares (1650), the Popov Tower (1247), the granary (1657) and the New, later the Abbey Gate (18th century). There are rich finds found at the foot of the monastery during archaeological excavations, which speak of the culture of life and residence of Our Lady of St. Clare.
We further emphasize the piety and education that came with it in the XVII. century brought by monks, and we especially emphasized the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Zagreb and the surrounding area.
The life of the nobles in Zagreb was reconstructed on the example of the famous Oršić and Rauch families; then commercial life in the city of Podgrađe at the turn of the XVIII. in the XIX. century, and the era of the Croatian National Revival in Zagreb with prominent people and events that characterize that period, which ends with Ban Jelačić and his striking portrait in supernatural size.
We reconstructed the shops and shop windows in Ilica, and created the atmosphere of everyday life and the most important shopping streets at the end of the 19th century. century, which opens a view of the spatial model of the Lower Town, which we pointed out the values of the third center of urban Zagreb.
We pointed out the urban program of the so-called “Green horseshoes” with models of the most important buildings erected from the plan of Zagreb inlaid on the floor of the hall, which created the typical atmosphere of the founding period (Gründerzeit) at the end of the 19th century.
As the Museum has collections of individual city associations XIX. and from the beginning of the XX. century, we show them as a reflection of social life and communication in the city.
We used the invention of Slavoljub Penkala from Zagreb, who gained world fame by patenting the first mechanical pen (1906). Under his name, the pen is still in use today.
We present the twentieth century in basic terms, interpreting the most important events that marked this turbulent period, from the international style of Zagreb's modern architecture to life in Zagreb during the First and Second World Wars and the fear and uncertainty that the city experienced in May 1945.
The change in the structure of the population and the expansion of the population in the socialist period create the need for the expansion of the city and a new urban program for South Zagreb, which we show in the model. There is also the inevitable Zagreb School of Animated Film, which made Zagreb famous around the world.
In 1990, the Croatian National Assembly of the independent Republic of Croatia was established in Zagreb. With the arrival of the summer of 1991, war was imposed on Croatia. Many Zagreb residents go to the battlefield, and the city takes care of more than 130,000 refugees and displaced persons.
Despite the war circumstances, the life of the metropolis continues, so Zagreb celebrates the 900th anniversary of the founding of the Zagreb diocese (1994), which was crowned by the visit of Pope John Paul II to Zagreb.
At the exit in the hallway, there are many posters with which we want to once again warn of life in the city seen through visual messages, a kind of time machine of events in the XX. century.
Additional essential information
The Museum of the City of Zagreb was founded by a decision of the City Government in 1907. The initiator of the establishment of the museum and archives was the Society "Brothers of the Croatian Dragon". It is located in the restored monumental complex of the former monastery of Claris from 1650, in Zagreb's Upper Town. The museum deals with topics from the cultural, artistic, economic and political history of the city in continuity from Roman finds all the way to modern times. The holdings consist of 75,000 objects systematized into collections of artistic and applied objects characteristic of the city and its history.
The activity of museums is defined by legal legislation related to museums. The museum works on the systematic collection, preservation, restoration and conservation, presentation and permanent protection of museum material from the area of competence of the museum. The institution is a city museum of local character.
The museum has a very rich fund valuable for studying the native, local past. The museum material is divided into five memorial collections, twenty collections of objects and six documentary funds. The following collections stand out as a valuable historical source for studying the history of the City: Prehistoric Archaeological Collection, Medieval Archaeological Collection, Cehalija Collection, Collection of Plans and Regulations of the City of Zagreb and Archives. Digitization is carried out in the institution in the area of all collections.
Providing professional assistance in the field of museum activities, holding lectures, providing professional guidance, providing information services related to activities, organizing exhibitions, publishing professional publications.
Exhibits in the Museum of the City of Zagreb