Zagreb is the capital and largest city in Croatia. According to the 2011 census, the urban settlement has 790,017 inhabitants, while in the entire urban and gravitational area live about 1.1 million of them. The Day of the City of Zagreb is celebrated on May 31, the day on which the feast of the Mother of God of the Stone Gate, the patron saint of the City of Zagreb, is celebrated. From 1993 to 2000, City Day was celebrated on November 16th.
Although there have been human settlements in the Zagreb area before, written evidence of the origin of Zagreb is historically related to the founding of the diocese on Kaptol in 1094. Another important event in the city's history took place in 1242, when King Bela IV. issued the Golden Bull, which granted civil privileges to civil Gradec, and the settlement became a free royal city.
In 1850, the former settlements of Gradec and Kaptol were united together with the surrounding settlements, subject to them, into a single settlement, which created the conditions for the development of a modern Central European city. The city began its expansion towards the left bank of the Sava River, and in the 1960s the development of Zagreb began on the right bank of the Sava River.
With the adoption of the Constitutional Decision on the Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia in 1991, Zagreb became the capital of independent Croatia.
Human settlements in the wider Zagreb area appear long ago, in prehistoric times. Among the oldest sites is the Veternica cave on the southwestern slopes of Medvednica, and the finds date back to the Old Stone Age.
1300 - 750 BC
There are traces of human life in the lowlands around the Sava River; bronze tools and graves of the so-called urn field crops named after burning the dead and storing ashes in earthen urns.
In the area of today's Zagreb lived the indigenous Andautonian family. Excavations revealed ramparts, sewage remains, necropolises, traces of the port and many small materials. The core of old Andautonia was on the site of today's village of Šćitarjevo, on the right bank of the Sava, 7 kilometers northeast of Velika Gorica. The Andautonians disappeared during the period from the 4th to the 7th century during the great migrations of the people, and the members of the remnants of the tribe were called Vlachs by the Croats who came in the 7th century, and their village Vlaška or Laska ves.
Early Middle Ages
In the area of Krug (Trnje), several graves with earthen vessels and iron tools and weapons from the 8th century were found from that period. The discovery of old Croatian jewelry in the graves on Kaptol shows that there was a settlement there in the 10th and 11th centuries. Smaller individual finds (early Byzantine money from the 6th century) on Grič contribute to the belief that there was a settlement in that part of today's Upper Town as well.
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A city that is tailored to people's needs
Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is one of the oldest cities in Central Europe, as evidenced by documents from 1094, when a diocese was established in this area. The city developed between the Medvednica Mountain and the Sava River. The old center consists of the medieval Gradec - today the seat of the Croatian government and the Croatian parliament - and Kaptol, the seat of the archbishop. After the administrative unification of the two units and the surrounding villages in the 19th century, the city saw an increase in the construction of prestigious buildings, squares and fountains, as well as in the creation of beautiful park forests and parks, which make it one of the greenest cities in Europe today.
The Croatian capital is a joy to walk in and attracts visitors with the lively atmosphere of its streets, numerous cafes, restaurants and shopping. If you are looking for a break en route to or from a seaside resort that would freshen up your trip, then Zagreb is the place for you and is waiting for you. Welcome!
Get to know the charming heart of Croatia
Zagreb grew out of two medieval settlements that flourished on neighboring hills for centuries.
With written history dating to the year 1094 when the diocese was established, Zagreb, the capital and the biggest city in Croatia, is a typical Central European town. The classicist and secessionist facades of its historical nucleus exude the lofty spirit of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, but here and there one can also discern the contours of the panoramas of Prague. Almost all of the main sites of the city and cultural venues are located in the very centre, which teems with charming coffee houses, fine restaurants, garden restaurants, and lovingly tended parks like, for instance, Ribnjak, which lies beneath the walls of Kaptol with its filigree spires of the neo-Gothic cathedral, or the Lenuci green horseshoe with Zrinjevac, Zagreb, indeed, is a city tailored to man.